On August 13 the submission of documents to the Central Election Commission for registration of party lists and candidates in majority districts has officially ended in Ukraine. According to the legislation, already on August 20 all participants of the electoral process, who will start their pre-electoral campaign the next day, will become known.
The main distinctions of the parliamentary elections-2012 from the previous ones are as following. Firstly, the right to nomination of candidates is possessed only by political parties and citizens by means of self-nomination. Secondly, the electoral system became majority and proportional. That is, a half of MPs will be elected in majority districts, another half – by lists of political parties. Thirdly, the electoral threshold for political parties to pass to the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine makes up 5%. Cancellation of the option “I do not support any candidate or party” in the ballot became another important innovation.
According to the data provided by the Central Election Commission, 22 political parties out of 202 registered in Ukraine will participate in the parliamentary elections-2012. MPs, who can get into the parliament of Ukraine through majority districts, represent interests of 87 political parties. Native Fatherland Political Union will participate in the parliamentary elections in Ukraine for the first time. It is quite a new group of adherents, who founded this political association in May, 2010.
Already before the official start of the electoral campaign the main candidates for getting into the parliament were known. Their circle is clearly limited. These are only 5 political forces. Among them we can see the pro-ruling forces: the Party of Regions, the Communist party and “Ukraine – Forward!” party of Nataliya Korolevska and football player Andriy Shevchenko. Another two parties, although they publicly criticize the authorities, have doubtful oppositionists in their lists, who go to the parliament to preserve and protect their business. These are pseudo-oppositional parties: “United opposition” (Y.Tymoshenko’s “Batkivschyna” + A.Yatsenyuk’s “Front for change”) and UDAR party of boxer Vitaliy Klychko.
The unique character of these elections will consist in discrepancy of percentage won by these parties and real support their declared ideas have among Ukrainian voters. The fact that the last two forces avoid the subject of eurointegrational aspirations of the part of Ukrainian society in the electoral propaganda is indicative. They lost the trust limit. Today, about 54% of Ukrainians support Ukraine’s accession to the EU. I hope that official representatives of the EU will more meticulously treat the non-fulfillment of eurointegrational promises by representatives of the political establishment which will receive MPs’ mandates. The course of these parliamentary elections will again certify the tendency of democracy winding down in Ukraine. There are no doubts that elections won’t be transparent and will have numerous violations. The principle of people power/democracy in Ukraine is being leveled. The state starts to lose democratic and legal signs. I hope this time the people of Ukraine will give a chance to new political forces to change the situation, and will also demonstrate a balanced civic stand which will be heard and supported by the European community. Since, there are practically no guarantors of democracy left in Ukraine.