Matiyeshyn on Europe, through a Ukrainian eye

Nowadays, the level of competition is considerably growing in the world. The lack of qualified personnel is now a first and foremost problem in many spheres. We can speak about demand for both qualified employees and elite itself. For example, in Ukraine, according to official statistics, in the first two quarters of 2011 processing industry, trade and civil service felt the greatest lack of personnel — at the level of 90 thousand people, which is 14% more than last year. And this is when an informal level of unemployment is more than 10%.

There exists a couple of ways of solving a personnel “hunger”. The Chinese way, for example, consists in a constant rising of the professional level of workers and a careful selection of officials. Selection criteria for executive positions in China foresee moral qualities, success of candidates at their previous job places and demonstration of possibilities of providing the level of economic growth. The government stimulates rotation of personnel which restrains the growth of corruption.

The Russian experience of rotation of elites is less successful, but also has some achievements. In particular, a personnel “presidential thousand” was formed, out of which the most worthy candidates for the state positions are to be selected.

Ukraine now has no system answer to the personnel challenge of time and this is one of the reasons of growth of social and political tension in the society. The country has no system of national selection of talented personnel for the state administration at different levels. Instead, we have a formed clan-corporate rotation, when positions of parents-officials are occupied by their children. A dynastic principle of rotation of elites in Ukraine only gathers pace, but very soon it can lead to a social explosion in the 46-million country where 90% of youth is deprived of chances of legitimate political self-realisation.

Last sociological researches show that the level of support of the present political elite in Ukraine amounts to no more than 10%. More than a half of population supports neither the ruling, nor the oppositional elite. An insufficient professional level of the ruling elite leads to the fact that attempts of reforming end up unsuccessfully.

One of the ways out of this situation is a wider attraction of the intellectual elite to the state management and participation in political processes. It is extremely important to hold possibilities of self-realisation open for the talented youth which will go to work to civil service for the sake of creation of successful and competitive Ukraine.

The European Union can join the process of formation of the new political and public elite which will ground upon morals and high professional skills. For example, by promoting the formation of understanding of democracy advantages and their interrelation with social security of each citizen among Ukrainians.

Jointly bringing up the generation of future leaders of Ukraine, Europe will also invest into its own future!


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